CURRICULUM VITAE

EDWIN A. LOCKE

Education and General Information

1960 B.A.

1962 M.A.

1964 Ph.D.

Major Field:

Minor Fields:

Dissertation:

Membership in Professional Organizations:

Harvard University

Cornell University

Cornell University

Industrial Psychology

Industrial Sociology, and Experimental Psychology

The relationship of intentions to motivation and affect.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Cornell University, 1964.

American Psychological Association (Fellow)
Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology (Fellow)
Academy of Management (Fellow)
Association for Psychological Science (Fellow)
International Association of Applied Psychology (Fellow)

1960 B.A.

1962 M.A.

1964 Ph.D.

Major Field:

Minor Fields:

Harvard University

Cornell University

Cornell University

Industrial Psychology

Industrial Sociology, and Experimental Psychology

Dissertation:

The relationship of intentions to motivation and affect.
Unpublished doctoral dissertation, Cornell University, 1964.

Membership in Professional Organizations:

American Psychological Association (Fellow)
Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology (Fellow)
Academy of Management (Fellow)
Association for Psychological Science (Fellow)
International Association of Applied Psychology (Fellow)

Consulting, Management Development Programs, and Business Talks

Wakefern Foods; U. S. Civil Service Commission; American Society for Association Executives; Life Insurance Marketing and Research Association; Seaboard Collectors Association; Washington Area Ford Dealers Executive Club; Holy Cross Hospital; Planning Executives Institute; Defense Intelligence Agency; International Personnel Management Association; Inhilco, Inc.; Prince Georges and Montgomery County Libraries; Blue Shield of Maryland; U.S. Post Office; B’nai B’rith Women; Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense; U.S. Red Cross; IBM; Banner Life Insurance Company; Kodak; Md. State Legislature; Washington Gas Light Co.; Mercantile Mortgage Corp.; National Retail Merchants Association; Freddie Mac; Health Facilities Association of Maryland; McDonnell Douglas; Douglas Aircraft; Montgomery County Department of Social Services; Westinghouse Corp.; Marriott Corp.; Pet Foods, Inc., Hutchinson Technologies

Work Experience

1964 – 66

1966 – 70

1967 – 69

1970 – 72

1972 – 2001

1984 – 1996

1998 – 2001

2001 – Present

Associate Research Scientist, American Institutes for Research.

Research Scientist, American Institutes for Research.

Assistant Professor of Psychology, University of Maryland.

Associate Professor of Business Administration, University of Maryland.

Professor of Business and Management, and of Psychology, University of Maryland.

Chair, Management & Organization Faculty, University of Maryland

Dean’s Professor of Leadership and Motivation, University of Maryland

Professor Emeritus, University of Maryland

Funded Research Projects

(Since 1964 included the following:)

Analysis of helicopter pilot performance (Office of the Army Surgeon General)
The effects of goals and intentions on task choice, performance level and satisfaction (Office of Naval Research)
The motivational effects of knowledge of results (National Institutes of Mental Health)
The nature of job satisfaction (American Institute for Research)
The attitudes of solid waste management employees
Lecture note-taking among college students.
Study skills and study motivation
An experimental study of job enrichment (U.S. Civil Service Commission)
Goal setting as a motivational technique,
Basic research on goal getting (Office of Naval Research)
Competition and goal setting (Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Installations)
Group goals and strategies (Army Research Institute)

Publications (*books)

Locke, E. A. (1961). What’s in a name? American Psychologist (comment), 16, 607.

2. Locke, E. A., & Hulin, C. L. (1962). A review and evaluation of the validity studies of activity vector analysis. Personnel Psychology, 15, 25-42.

3. Locke, E. A. (1963). The development of criteria of student achievement. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 23, 299-307.

4. Locke, E. A. (1963). Some correlates of classroom and out-of-class achievement. Journal of Education Psychology, 54, 238-248.

5. Locke, K. D., Locke, E. A., Morgan, G. A., & Zimmermann, R. R. (1964). Dimension of social interactions among infant rhesus monkeys. Psychological Reports, 15, 339-349.

6. Locke, E. A. (1964). Determinism. American Psychologist (Comment), 19, 846-847.

7. Locke, E. A., Smith, P. C., Kendall, L. M., Hulin, C. L., & Miller, A. M. (1964). Convergent and discriminant validity for areas and rating methods of job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 48, 313-319.

*8. Breer, P. E. & Locke, E. A. (1965). Task experience as a source of attitudes, Homewood, Illinois: Dorsey.

9. Locke, E. A. (1965). A test of Atkinson’s formula for predicting choice behavior. Psychological Reports, 16, 963-964.

10. Locke, E. A. (1965). The relationship of task success to task liking and satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 49 379-385.

11. Locke, E. A. (1965). The interaction of ability and motivation in performance. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 21, 719-725.

12. Zavala, A., Locke, E. A., Van Cott, H. P., & Fleishman, E. A. (1965). Studies of helicopter pilot performance: I: The analysis of maneuver dimensions. Human Factors, 7, 273-283.

13. Locke, E. A., Zavala, A., & Fleishman, E. A. (1965). Studies of helicopter performance: II: The analysis of task dimensions. Human Factors, 7, 285-307.

14. Locke, E. A. (1966). The relationship of intentions to level of performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 50, 60-66.

15. Locke, E. A. (1966). The relationship of task success to task liking: A replication. Psychological Reports, 18, 552-554A

16. Locke, E. A. (1966). The contradiction of epiphenomenalism. British Journal of Psychology, 57, 203-204.

17. Locke, E. A. (1966). Logical relationships of questions to issues in verbal conditioning studies. Psychological Reports, 19, 291-298.

18. Locke, E. A., & Bryan, J. F. (1966). Cognitive aspects of psychomotor performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 50, 286-291.

19. Locke, E. A. (1966). A closer look at level of aspiration as a training procedure: A re-analysis of Fryer’s data. Journal of Applied Psychology, 50 417-420.

20. Locke, E. A. & Bryan, J. F. (1966). The effects of goal-setting, rule-learning, and knowledge of score on performance. American Journal of Psychology, 79, 451-457.

21. Locke, E. A. (1966). Relationship of task success to satisfaction: Further replication. Psychological Reports, 19, 1132.

22. Ewen, R. B., Smith, P. C., Hulin, C. L., & Locke, E. A. (1966). An empirical test of the Herzberg two-factor theory. Journal of Applied Psychology, 50, 544-550.

23. Locke, K. D., Locke, E. A., & Dean, L. R. (1966). A comparison of the attitudes of civil defense directors and community leaders. Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 2, 413-430.

24. Locke, E. A. (1967). Further data on the relationship of task success to liking and satisfaction. Psychological Reports, 20, 246.

25. Locke, E. A., & Bryan, J. F. (1967). Performance goals as determinants of level of performance and boredom. Journal of Applied Psychology, 51, 120-130.

26. Bryan, J. F., & Locke, E. A. (1967). Goal-setting as a means of increasing motivation. Journal of Applied Psychology, 51, 274-277.

27. Locke, E. A. (1967). Relationship of goal level to performance level. Psychological Reports, 20, 1068.

28. Locke, E. A. (1967). The case against licensing of psychologists. The Industrial Psychologist, 4, No. 3, 25-29.

29. Locke, E. A. (1967). The motivational effects of knowledge of results: Knowledge or goal-setting? Journal of Applied Psychology, 51, 324-329.

30. Bryan, J. F., & Locke, E. A. (1967). Parkinson’s law as a goal-setting phenomenon. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 2, 258-275.

31. Locke, E. A. (1967). The relationship of success and expectation to affect on goal-seeking tasks. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 7, 125-134.

32. Locke, E. A., & Bryan, J. F. (1968.) Grade goals as determinants of academic achievement. Journal of General Psychology, 79, 217-228.

33. Locke, E. A., Bryan, J. F., & Kendall, L. M. (1968). Goals and intentions as mediators of the effects of monetary incentives on behavior. Journal of Applied Psychology, 58, 104-121.

34. Locke, E. A. (1968). Toward a theory of task motivation and incentives. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 3, 157-189.

35. Locke, E. A., & Bryan, J. F. (1968). Goal-setting as a determinant of the effect of knowledge of score on performance. American Journal of Psychology, 81, 398-407.

36. Locke, E. A., Cartledge, N., & Koeppel, J. (1968). The motivational effects of knowledge of results: A goal-setting phenomenon? Psychological Bulletin, 70, 474-485.

37. Locke, E. A. (1968). The effects of knowledge of results, feedback in relation to standards, and goals on reaction time performance. American Journal of Psychology, 81, 566-574.

38. Locke, E. A., & Bryan, J. F. (1968). Knowledge of score and goal difficulty as determinants of work rate. Journal of Applied Psychology, 53, 59-65.

39. Locke, E. A., & Bryan, J. F. (1969). The directing function of goals in task performance. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 4, 35-42.

40. Locke, E. A. (1969). What is job satisfaction? Organizational Behavior and Human Performance, 4 309-336.

41. Locke, E. A. (1969). Purpose without consciousness: A contradiction. Psychological Reports, 25, 991-1009.

42. Locke, E. A. Reply to Eysenck et al. (1969). Bulletin of the British Psychological Society (Correspondence), 22, 162.

43. Locke, E. A., Cartledge, N., & Knerr, C. (1970). Studies of the relationship between satisfaction, goal-setting and performance. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 5, 135-158.

44. Locke, E. A. (1970). Job satisfaction and job performance: A theoretical analysis. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 5, 484-500.

45. Locke, E. A. (1970). The supervisor as “motivator”: His influence on employee performance and satisfaction. In B. Bass, R. Cooper, and J. Haas (Eds.), Managing for accomplishment, Lexington, Mass.: Heath Lexington, 57-67.

46. Mobley, W. H., & Locke, E. A. (1970). The relationship of value importance to satisfaction. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 5, 463-483.

47. Schneider, J., & Locke E. A. (1971). A critique of Herzberg’s incident classification system and a suggested revision. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 6, 441-457.

48. Locke, E. A. (1971). Is “Behavior Therapy” behavioristic? (An analysis of Wolpe’s psychotherapeutic methods). Psychological Bulletin, 76, 318-327.

49. Locke, E. A. (1972). Critical analysis of the concept of causality in behavioristic psychology. Psychological Reports, 31, 175-197.

50. Locke, E. A. (1972). In “defense” of defense mechanisms: Some comments on Bobbit and Behling. Journal of Applied Psychology, 56, 297-298.

51. Locke, E. A. (1973). Satisfiers and dissatisfiers among white collar and blue collar employees. Journal of Applied Psychology, 58, 67-76.

52. Locke, E. A., & Whiting, R. J. (1974). Sources of satisfaction and dissatisfaction among solid waste management employees. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59, 145-156.

53. Harris, T. C., & Locke, E. A. (1974). Replication of white-collar-blue-collar differences in sources of satisfaction and dissatisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 59, 369-370.

54. Locke, E. A. (1974). Is violence itself necessarily bad? American Psychologist (Comment), 29, 149.

55. Latham, G. P., & Locke, E. A. (1975). Increasing productivity with decreasing time limits: A field replication of Parkinson’s Law. Journal of Applied Psychology, 60, 524-526.

56. Locke, E. A. (1975). Personnel attitudes and motivation. Annual Review of Psychology, 26, 457-480.

*57. Locke, E. A. (1975). Guide to effective study. New York: Springer. (Reprinted in 1998 under the title: Study methods and study motivation, by Second Renaissance Books, New Milford, CT).

58. Locke, E. A. (1976). The nature and causes of job satisfaction. In M. D. Dunnette (Ed.), Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, Chicago: Rand McNally, 1297-1349.

59. Locke, E. A. (1976). The case against legislating the quality of work life. The Personnel Administrator, 21, No. 4, 19-21.

60. Locke, E. A., Sirota, D., & Wolfson, A. D. (1976). An experimental case study of the successes and failures of job enrichment in a government agency. Journal of Applied Psychology, 61, 701-711.

61. Locke, E. A. (1976). Legislating the quality of work life: Locke’s reply to Lawler’s rebuttal. The Industrial Organizational Psychologist, (Nov.), 14, 24.

62. Locke, E. A. (1977). Comments on I/O Psychology in Sweden. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, (Feb.).

63. Locke, E. A. (1977). The myths of behavior mod in organizations. Academy of Management Review, 2, 543-553.

64. Locke, E. A. (1977). An empirical study of lecture note-taking among college students. Journal of Educational Research, 71, 93-99.

65. Locke, E. A. (1978). Job satisfaction reconsidered-reconsidered. American Psychologist (Comment), 33, 854-855.

66. Locke, E. A. (1978). The ubiquity of the technique of goal setting in theories of and approaches to employee motivation. Academy of Management Review, 3, 594-601.

67. Locke, E. A., Mento, T., & Katcher, B. (1978). The interaction of ability and motivation in performance: An exploration of the meaning of moderators. Personnel Psychology, 31, 269-280.

68. Locke, E. A., & Schweiger, D. M. (1979). Participation in decision-making: One more look. In B. M. Staw (Ed.), Research in Organizational Behavior. Greenwich: Conn., JAI press, 265-339.

69. Locke, E. A. (1979). Myths in “The myths of the myths about behavior mod in organizations.” Academy of Management Review, 4, 131-136.

70. Locke, E. A. (1979). Behavior modification is not cognitive–and other myths: A reply to Ledwidge. Cognitive Theory and Research, 3, 119-125.

71. Latham, G. P., & Locke, E. A. (1979). Goal setting: A motivational technique that works. Organizational Dynamics, 8(2), 68-80.

72. Locke, E. A. (1980). Latham vs. Komaki: A tale of two paradigms. Journal of Applied Psychology, 65, 16-23.

73. Locke, E. A. (1980). Attitudes and cognitive processes are necessary elements in motivational models (Debate). In B. Karmel (Ed.), Point and counterpoint in organizational behavior. Hinsdale, Ill.: Dryden, 17-45.

74. Locke, E. A., Feren, D., McCaleb, V., Shaw, K., & Denny, A. (1980). The relative effectiveness of four methods of motivating employee performance. In Duncan, Gruneberg and Wallis (Eds.), Changes in working life, London: J. Wiley.

75. Mento, A. J., Cartledge, N. D., & Locke, E. A. (1980). Maryland vs. Michigan vs. Minnesota: Another look at the relationship of expectancy and goal difficulty to task performance. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 25, 419-440.

76. Locke, E. A. (1980). Behaviorism and psychoanalysis: Two sides of the same coin. The Objectivist Forum, 1(1), 10-15.

77. Locke, E. A., Mode, A. S., & Binswanger, H. (1980). The case against medical licensing. Medicolegal News, 8(5), 13ff.

78. Locke, E. A. (1980). Mig Pilot (review). Objectivist Forum, 1(4), 10-15.

79. Bartlem, C., & Locke, E. A. (1981). The Coch and French study: A critique and reinterpretation. Human Relations, 34, 555-566.

80. Locke, E. A., Shaw, K. N., Saari, L. M., & Latham, G. P. (1981). Goal setting and task performance: 1969-1980. Psychological Bulletin, 90, 125-152.

81. Locke, E. A. (1981). Comment on Neider: The issue of interpretation of experiments. Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 28, 425-430.

82. White, F., & Locke, E. A. (1981). Perceived determinants of high and low productivity in three occupational groups: A critical incident study. Journal of Management Studies, 18, 375-381.

83. Locke, E. A. (1982). The ideas of Frederick W. Taylor: An evaluation. Academy of Management Review, 7, 14-34.

84. Locke, E. A. (1982). Goal setting. In C. Heyel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of management, 3rd Edition, New York: Van Nostrand Reinhold.

85. Locke, E. A. (1982). Licensing (comment). American Psychologist, February, 239.

86. Schilit, W., & Locke, E. A. (1982). A study of upward influence in organizations. Administrative Science Quarterly, 27, 304-316.

87. Locke, E. A. (1982). The relationship of goal level to performance with a short work period and multiple goal levels. Journal of Applied Psychology, 67, 512-514.

88. Locke, E. A. (1982). Critique of Bramel and Friend (Comment). American Psychologist, July, 858-859.

89. Locke, E. A. (1982). Employee motivation: A discussion. Journal of Contemporary Business, 11, 71-81 (abridged version of #74).

90. Locke, E. A. (1982). Soul of a new machine (review), Objectivist Forum, 3(1), 5-9.

91. Locke, E. A. (1982). Ayn Rand and psychology. Objectivist Forum, 3,(5)5-8 & (6)12-15.

92. Locke, E. A. (1983). Performance appraisal under capitalism, socialism, and the mixed economy. In F. Landy, S. Zedeck, & J. Cleveland (Eds.), Performance measurement and theory. Hillsdale, N. J.: L. Erlbaum.

93. Locke, E. A. (1983). Joe Morgan-Computer Elements (Case). National University Consortium, Systems organization coursebook. Dubuque, Iowa: Kendall-Hunt.

94. Locke, E.A. (1983). Handbook of organizational behavior management (Review), Contemporary Psychology, 28, 681-682.

95. Locke, E. A., Fitzpatrick, W., & White, F. (1983). Job satisfaction and role clarity among university and college faculty. Review of Higher Education, 28, 681-682.

96. Locke, E. A. (1983). Eleven entries in R. Harre and R. Lamb (Eds.), Encyclopedic dictionary of psychology. Oxford: Blackwell.

97. Locke, E. A. (1983). KGB today (review), Objectivist Forum, 4(5) 12-15.

*98. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1984). Goal setting: A motivational technique that works. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

99. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (with Alain Gosselin) (1984). Goal setting for individuals, groups and organizations. Chicago: Science Research Associates.

100. Locke, E. A. (1984). Inside the criminal mind (review). Objectivist Forum, 5(2), 8-15.

101. Locke, E. A., Frederick, E., Lee, C., & Bobko, P. (1984). The effects of self-efficacy, goals and task strategies on task performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 241-251.

102. Locke, E. A. (1984). Job satisfaction. In M. Gruneberg & T. Wall (Eds.), Social psychology and organizational behavior. Chichester, England: Wiley.

103. Taylor, S., Locke, E. A., Lee, C., & Gist, M. (1984). Type A behavior and faculty productivity: What are the mechanisms? Organizational Behavior & Human Performance, 34, 402-418.

104. Locke, E. A., Frederick, E., Buckner, E. & Bobko, P. (1984). Effects of previously assigned goals on self-set goals and performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 69, 694-699.

105. Locke, E. A. (1984). Les techniques tayloriennes considerees du point de vue des theories et des pratiques contemporaines. In M. deMontmollin & O. Pastre (Eds.). Le Taylorisme, Paris: Editions La Decouverte.

106. Locke, E. A., & Shaw, K. N. (1984). Atkinson’s inverse-U curve and the missing cognitive variables. Psychological Reports, 55, 403-412.

107. Henne, D., & Locke, E. A. (1985). Job dissatisfaction: What are the consequences? International Journal of Psychology, 20, 221-240.

108. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1985). The application of goal setting to sports. Journal of Sport Psychology, 7, 205-222.

109. Schweiger, D. M., Anderson, C. R., & Locke, E. A. (1985). Complex decision making: A longitudinal study of process and performance. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 36, 245-272.

110. Locke, E. A. (1986). Generalizing from laboratory to field: Ecological validity or abstraction of essential elements? In E. A. Locke (Ed.), 1986, #111 below.

*111. Locke, E. A. (Ed.) (1986). Generalizing from laboratory to field settings. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

112. Locke, E. A., Schweiger, D. M., & Latham, G. P. (1986). Participation in decision making: When should it be used? Organizational Dynamics, 14,(3), 65-79.

113. Somers, R. L, Locke, E. A., & Tuttle, T. (1985-86). Adding competition to the management basics. National Productivity Review, Winter, 7-21.

114. Locke, E. A., & Henne, D. (1986). Work motivation theories. In C. Cooper & I. Robertson (Eds.), International review of industrial and organizational psychology. Chichester, England: Wiley Ltd., 1-35.

115. Locke, E. A. (1986). Job attitudes in historical perspective. In D. Wren & J. Pearce (Eds.), Papers dedicated to the development of modern management, Academy of Management, 5-11.

116. Locke, E. A., Motowidlo, S. J., & Bobko, P. (1986). Using self-efficacy theory to resolve the conflict between goal theory and expectancy theory in organizational behavior and industrial/organizational psychology. Journal of Social and Clinical Psychology, 4, 328-338.

117. Locke, E. A. (1987). Review of A. Bandura, Social foundations of thought and action, Academy of Management Review, 12, 169-171.

118. Locke, E. A. (1987). How to motivate employees. State Legislatures, 13(1), 30-31.

119. Locke, E. A., & Somers, R. L. (1987). The effects of goal emphasis on performance on a complex task. Journal of Management Studies, 24(4), 405-411.

120. Wood, R. E., Mento, A. J., & Locke, E. A. (1987). Task complexity as a moderator of goal effects: A meta analysis. Journal of Applied Psychology, 72, 416-425.

121. Edmister, R. O., & Locke, E. A. (1987). The effects of differential goal weights on the performance of a complex financial task. Personnel Psychology, 40, 505-517.

122. Gist, M. E., Locke, E. A., & Taylor, S. (1987). Organizational behavior: Group structure, stress and effectiveness. Journal of Management, 13, 237-257.

123. Wood, R. E., & Locke, E. A. (1987). The relation of self-efficacy and grade goals to academic performance. Educational and Psychological Measurement, 47, 1013-1024.

124. Locke, E. A., Latham, G. P., & Erez, M. (1988). The determinants of goal commitment. Academy of Management Review, 13, 23-39.

125. Latham, G. P., Erez, M., & Locke, E. A. (1988). Resolving scientific disputes by the joint design of crucial experiments by the antagonists: Application to the Erez-Latham dispute regarding participation in goal setting. Journal of Applied Psychology, 73, 753-772.

126. Lee, C., Locke, E. A., & Earley, P. C. (1988). Preliminary empirical analysis of a goal setting measure. Eastern Academy of Management Proceedings, 128-130.

127. Locke, E. A. (1988). The virtue of selfishness (Comment), American Psychologist, June, 481.

128. Locke, E. A. (1989). Review of Atlas Shrugged by Ayn Rand. Academy of Management Review, 14, 100-103.

129. Locke, E. A. (1989). Review of S. Srivastva (Ed.), Executive power. Contemporary Psychology, 34, 259-260.

130. Lee, T. W., Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1989). Goal setting theory and job performance. In L. Pervin (Ed.), Goal concepts in personality and social psychology, Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

131. Locke, E. A., Chah, D., Harrison, S., & Lustgarten, N. (1989). Separating the effects of goal specificity from goal level. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 43, 270-287.

132. Huber, V., Latham, G. P., & Locke, E. A. (1989). The management of impressions through goal setting. In R. Giacalone & P. Rosenfeld (Eds.) Impression management in the organization. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

133. Leana, C. R., Locke, E. A., & Schweiger, D. M. (1990). Fact and fiction in analyzing research on participative decision-making: A critique of Cotton, Vollrath, Frogatt, Lengnick-Hall, and Jennings. Academy of Management Review, 15, 137-146.

*134. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1990). A theory of goal setting and task performance. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

135. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1990). The high performance cycle. In U. Kleinbeck, H. Quast, H. Thierry, & H. Hacker (Eds.), Work motivation. Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

136. Wood, R. E., & Locke, E. A. (1990). Goal setting and strategy effects on complex tasks. In B. Staw & L. Cummings (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior, Vol. 12, Greenwich, CT.: JAI Press.

137. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1990). Work motivation and satisfaction: Light at the end of the tunnel. Psychological Science, 1, 240-246.

138. Smith, K. G., Locke, E. A., & Barry, D. (1990). Goal setting, planning and organizational performance: An experimental simulation. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 46, 118-134.

139. Locke, E. A., & Taylor, M. S. (1990). Stress, coping and the meaning of work. In A. Brief & W. Nord (Eds.), Meanings of occupational work. Lexington, MA: Lexington Books.

140. Chesney, A. A., & Locke, E. A. (1991). An examination of the relationships among goal difficulty, business strategies, and performance on a complex management simulation task. Academy of Management Journal, 34, 400-424.

141. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1991). The fallacies of common sense “truths”: A reply to Lamal. Psychological Science, 2, 131-2.

142. Locke, E. A. (1991). Goal theory vs. control theory: Contrasting approaches to understanding work motivation. Motivation & Emotion, 15, 9-28.

143. Kirkpatrick, S. A., Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1991). Using goal setting to improve performance. King of Prussia, PA: Organizational Design & Development.

144. Locke, E. A. (1991). Introduction to special issue, Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 50, 151-153.

145. Locke, E. A. (1991). The motivation sequence, the motivation hub and the motivation core. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 50, 288-299.

146. Latham, G. P., & Locke, E. A. (1991). Self-regulation through goal setting. Organizational Behavior and Human Decision Processes, 50, 212-247.

147. Kirkpatrick, S., & Locke, E. A. (1991). Leadership: Do traits matter? Academy of Management Executive, 5(2), 48-60.

148. Locke, E. A. (1991). Problems with goal-setting research in sports–and their solution. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 8, 311-316.

149. Lee, C., Bobko, P., Earley, P. C., & Locke, E. A. (1991). An empirical analysis of a goal setting questionnaire. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 12, 467-482.

*150. Locke, E. A., & 7 others (1991). The essence of leadership, New York: Lexington- Macmillan.

151. Kirkpatrick, S. A., & Locke, E. A. (1992). The development of measures of faculty scholarship. Group & Organization Management, 17 (1), 5-23.

152. Locke, E. A. (1992). Reflections on the Latham/Erez/Locke study. In P. Frost & R. Stablein (Eds.), Doing exemplary research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.

153. Fisher, C. D., & Locke, E. A. (1992). The new look in job satisfaction research and theory. In C. J. Cranny, P. C. Smith, & E. F. Stone (Eds.), Job satisfaction. New York: Lexington-Macmillan.

154. Locke, E. A. (1992). There can be no balance between animal and human rights. Psychological Science, 3, 143.

155. Mento, A. J., Locke, E. A., & Klein, H. (1992). Relationship of goal level to valence and instrumentality. Journal of Applied Psychology, 77, 395-405.

156. Locke, E.A. (1992). The Linda Gottfredson case. The Industrial Psychologist, 29(4), 60-61.

157. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1992). Comments on McLeod, Liker & Lobel, Journal of Applied Behavioral Science, 28, 42-45.

158. Locke, E. A. (1993). Facts and fallacies about goal theory: A reply to Deci. Psychological Science, 4, 63-4.

159. Judge, T. A., & Locke, E. A. (1993). Effect of dysfunctional thought processes on subjective well-being and job satisfaction. Journal of Applied Psychology, 78, 475-490.

160. Locke, E. A. (1993). Principled ambition. In A. Bedeian (Ed.), Management laureates: A collection of autobiographical essays, Vol. 2, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

161. Locke, E. A., & Kirkpatrick, S. A. (1994). Commentary on Armstrong and Sperry. Interfaces, 24 (2), 28-33.

162. Locke, E. A., Smith, K. G., Erez, M., Chah, D-OK, & Schaffer, A. (1994). The effects of intra-individual goal conflict on performance. Journal of Management, 20, 67-91.

163. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1994). Goal setting theory. In H. O’Neil & M. Drillings (Eds.), Motivation: Theory and research, Hillsdale, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

164. Locke, E. A. (1994). Goal setting and productivity under capitalism and socialism. In Z. Zaleski (Ed.), Psychology of future orientation, Lublin: Towarzytwo Naukowe Kul.

165. Latham, G. P., Winters, D. C., & Locke, E. A. (1994). Cognitive and motivational effects of participation: A mediator study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 15, 49-63.

166. Locke, E. A. (1994). The emperor is naked. International Review of Applied Psychology, 43, 367-370.

167. Locke, E. A. (1994). Comments on Weinberg & Weigand. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 16, 212-215.

168. Scully, J., Kirkpatrick S., & Locke, E. A. (1995). Locus of knowledge as a determinant of the effects of participation on performance, affect and perceptions. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes, 61, 276-288.

169. Lerner, B. S., & Locke, E. A. (1995). The effects of goal setting, self-efficacy, competition and personal traits on the performance of an endurance task. Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, 17, 138-152.

170. Locke, E. A., & Jain, V. K. (1995). Organizational learning and continuous improvement. International Journal of Organizational Analysis, 3(1), 45-68.

171. Latham, G. P., & Locke, E. A. (1995). Zielsetzung als Fuhrungsaufgabe. In A. Kieser, G. Reber, & R. Wunderer (Eds.), Hanworterbuch der Fuhrung. Schaffer-Peoschel Verlag Stuttgart.

172. Locke, E. A., & Kirkpatrick, S. A. (1995). Promoting creativity in organizations. In C. M. Ford & D. A. Gioia (Eds.), Creative action in organizations, Newbury Park, CA.: Sage.

173. Locke, E. A., & Woiceshyn, J. (1995). Why businessmen should be honest: The argument from rational egoism. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16, 405-414.

174. Locke, E. A. (1995). Beyond behaviorism and materialism, or isn’t it time we took consciousness seriously? Journal of Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 26, 265-273.

175. Locke, E. A. (1995). Review of R. J. Herrnstein & C. Murray, The bell curve, Personnel Psychology, 48, 177-182.

176. Locke, E. A. (1995). Review of D. Waitley, Empires of the mind, Personnel Psychology, 48, 989-988.

177. Locke, E. A. (1995). The micro analysis of job satisfaction: Comments on Taber & Alliger. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 16, 123-125

178. Locke, E. A., & Kristof, A. (1996). Volitional choices in the goal achievement process. In P. Gollwitzer & J. Bargh (Eds.), The psychology of action: Linking cognition and motivation to behavior. New York: Guilford Press.

179. Locke, E. A., McClear, K., & Knight, D. (1996). Self esteem and work. In C. Cooper & I. Robertson (Eds). International Review of Industrial & Organizational Psychology. Chichester, England: Wiley Ltd.

180. Kirkpatrick, S. A., & Locke, E. A. (1996). Direct and indirect effects of three core charismatic leadership components on performance and attitudes. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 36-51.

181. Locke, E. A. (1996). Motivation through conscious goal setting. Applied & Preventive Psychology, 5, 117-124.

182. Kirkpatrick, S. A., Locke, E. A., & Latham, G .P. (1996). Implementing the vision: How is it done? Polish Psychological Bulletin, 27(2), 93-106.
183. Chah, D. OK, & Locke, E. A. (1996). Correlates of leadership effectiveness in the U.S. and Korea. In A. Rahim, R. Golembiewski, & C. Lundberg (Eds.). Current topics in management, Vol. 1, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

184. Locke, E. A. (1996). Using programmatic research to build a grounded theory. In P. Frost & S. Taylor (Eds.). Rhythms of academic life. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

185. Locke, E. A. (1996). Review of J. Maddux, Self-efficacy, adaptation & adjustment, Contemporary Psychology, 41, 926-927.

186. Audia, G., Kristof, A., Brown, K. G., & Locke, E. A. (1996). The relationship of goals and micro-level work processes to performance on a multi-path, manual task. Journal of Applied Psychology, 81, 483-497.

187. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (1996). Participative management. In the Encyclopedia of the Future. New York: Macmillan.

188. Locke, E. A. (1996). Reader’s commentary on Hogan’s review of Robert Wright’s The moral animal. Personnel Psychology, 49,1043-1045.

189. Locke, E. A. (1996). Science, philosophy and man’s mind. Behavior Therapy & Experimental Psychiatry, 27, 363-368.

190. Shalley, C., & Locke, E. A. (1996). Setting goals to get innovation. R & D Innovator, 5(10), 1-6.

191. Wagner, J. A., Leana, C. R., Locke, E. A., & Schweiger, D. M. (1997). Cognitive and motivational frameworks in U.S. research on participation: A meta-analysis of primary effects. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 18, 49-65.

192. Latham G., Daghighi, S., & Locke, E. A. (1997). Implications of goal setting theory for faculty motivation. In J. Bess (Ed.), Teaching well-and liking it. Baltimore, MD; Johns Hopkins University Press.

193. Judge, T., Locke, E. A., & Durham, C. C. (1997). The dispositional causes of job satisfaction: A core evaluations approach. In L. Cummings & B. Staw (Eds.), Research in organizational behavior. Vol. 19, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

194. Locke, E. A., Durham, C. C., Poon, J., & Weldon, E. (1997). Goal setting, planning and performance on work tasks for individuals and groups. In S. Freidman & E. Scholnick (Eds.), The developmental psychology of planning: Why, how and when do we plan? Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

195. Locke, E. A., Alavi, M., & Wagner, J. (1997). Participation in decision-making: An information exchange perspective. In G. Ferris (Ed.), Research in personnel and human resources management. Vol. 15, 293-331, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

196. Lee, T. W., Locke, E. A., & Phan. S. H. (1997). Explaining the assigned goal-incentive interaction: The role of self-efficacy and personal goals. Journal of Management, 23, 541-559.

197. Locke, E. A. (1997). Prime movers – The traits of great business leaders. In C. Cooper & S. Jackson (Eds.), Creating tomorrow’s organizations. Chichester, UK: Wiley Ltd.

198. Locke, E. A. (1997). Individualism: The only cure for racism. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 34(4), 128-129.

199. Locke, E. A. (1997). Review of A. Bandura’s Self-efficacy: The exercise of control. Personnel Psychology, 50, 801-803.

200. Locke, E. A. (1997). Organizational learning: Edwin A. Locke responds. The Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 35(2), 62-64.

201. Locke, E. A. (1997). The motivation to work: What we know. In P. Pintrich & M. Maehr (Eds.), Advances in motivation & achievement, Vol. 10, Greenwich, CT: JAI Press.

202. Durham, C. C., Knight, D., & Locke, E. A. (1997). Effects of leader role, team-set goal difficulty, efficacy, and tactics on team effectiveness. Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Process, 72, 203-231.

203. Locke, E. A., & Becker, T. (1998). Rebuttal to a subjectivist critique of an Objectivist approach to integrity in organizations. Academy of Mangement Review, 23, 170-175.

204. Baum, J. R., Locke, E. A., & Kirkpatrick, S. (1998). A longitudinal study of the relation of vision and vision communication to venture growth in entrepreneurial firms. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 43-54.

205. Judge, T., Locke, E. A., Durham, C. C., & Kluger, A. (1998). Dispositional effects on job and life satisfaction: The role of core evaluations. Journal of Applied Psychology, 83, 17-34.

206. Locke, E. A. (1998). The role of individual consideration, vision and egoism in effective leadership. In F. Dansereau & F. Yammarino (Eds.), Leadership: The multi-level approaches, Part B, Stanford, CT: JAI Press.
207. Locke, E. A., & Becker, T. E. (1998). Locke and Becker’s reply to Weiss. Academy of Management Review (Dialogue), 23, 391-392.

208. Locke, E. A., & Becker, T. E. (1998). Objectivism’s answer to the sad, old world of subjectivism. Academy of Management Review (Dialogue), 23, 658-659.

209. Locke, E. A. (1999). Comment on Pfeffer’s Six Dangerous Myths about Pay. Harvard Business Review, January-February, 181-182.

210. Locke, E. A. (1999). Some reservations about social capital. Academy of Management Review (Dialogue), 24, 8-9.

211. Roberson, Q., Moye, N., & Locke, E. A. (1999). Identifying a missing link between participation and satisfaction: The mediating role of procedural justice perceptions. Journal of Applied Psychology, 84, 585-593.

212. Bartol, K. M., & Locke, E. A. (2000). Incentives and motivation. In S. Rynes & B. Gerhart (Eds.), Compensation in organizations. San Francisco: Jossey-Bass.

213. Locke, E. A. (2000). Motivation by goal setting. In R. Golembiewski (Ed.), Handbook of organizational behavior. New York: Marcel Dekker.

214. Judge, T., Bono, J., & Locke, E. A. (2000). Personality and job satisfaction: The mediating role of job characteristics. Journal of Applied Psychology, 85, 237-249.

215. Durham, C. C., Poon, J., Locke, E. A., & McLeod, P. (2000). Effects of group goals and time pressure on group efficacy, information-seeking strategy, and performance. Human Performance, 13(2), 115-138.

216. Audia, G., Locke, E. A., & Smith, K. G. (2000). The paradox of success: An archival and a laboratory study of strategic persistence following a radical environmental change. Academy of Management Journal, 43, 837-853.

217. Locke, E. A. (2000). Motivation, cognition and action: An analysis of studies of task goals and knowledge. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 49, 408-429.

*218. Locke, E. A. (Ed.) (2000). Handbook of principles of organizational behavior. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

*219. Cooper, C., & Locke, E. A. (Eds.) (2000). Industrial & organizational psychology: Linking theory with practice. Oxford, UK: Blackwell Publishers.

*220. Locke, E. A. (2000). The Prime movers: Traits of the great wealth creators. New York: AMACOM.(Second edition, 2008, Ayn Rand Bookstore)

221. White, S., & Locke, E. A. (2000). Problems with the Pygmalion effect and some proposed solutions. Leadership Quarterly, 11, 389-415.

222. Locke, E. A., & colleagues (2001). The importance of the individual in an age of groupism. In M. Turner (Ed), Groups at work: Theory and research. Mahwah, NJ: L Erlbaum.

223. Knight, D., Durham, C. C., & Locke, E. A. (2001). The relationship of team goals, incentives, and efficacy to strategic risk, tactical implementation, and performance. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 326-338.

224. Baum, R., Locke, E. A., & Smith, K. G. (2001). A multi-dimensional model of venture growth. Academy of Management Journal, 44, 292-303.

225. Locke, E. A. (2001). Self-set goals and self-efficacy as mediators of incentives and personality. In M. Erez, U. Kleinbeck, & H. Thierry (Eds.), Work motivation in the context of a globalizing economy. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

226. Srivastava, A., Locke, E. A., & Bartol, K. M. (2001). Money and subjective well being: It’s not the money, it’s the motives. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 80, 959-971.

227. Judge, T., Bono, J., Tippie, H., Erez, A., Locke, E. A., & Thoresen, C. (2002). The scientific merit of valid measures of general concepts: Personality research and core self-evaluations. In J. Brett & F. Drasgow (Eds.), The psychology of work: Theoretically based empirical research. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

228. Locke, E. A. (2002). Setting goals for life and happiness. In C. R. Snyder & S. Lopez (Eds.), Handbook of positive psychology. Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.

229. Latham, G., Locke, E. A., & Fassina, N. (2002). The high performance cycle: Standing the test of time. In A. Sonnetag (Ed.), Psychological management of individual performance: A handbook in the psychology of management in organizations. Chichester: Wiley.

230. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2002). Building a practically useful theory of goal setting and task motivation: A 35-year odyssey. American Psychologist, 57, 705-717. (Through 2013, #1 among articles cited in that domain, BioMed Library)

231. Avolio, B., & Locke, E. A. (2002). Theoretical letters: Contrasting different philosophies of leader motivation, Altruism vs. Egoism. Leadership Quarterly, 13, 169-191.

232. Goldman, B., Masterson, S., Locke, E. A., Groth, M., & Jensen, D. (2002). Goal-directedness and personal identity as correlates of life outcomes. Psychological Reports, 91, 153-166.

233. Locke, E. A. (2002). The dead end of postmodernism (Comment). American Psychologist, 57, 6, 458.

234. Locke, E. A. (2002). The epistemological side of teaching management: Teaching through principles. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 1, 195-205.

235. Locke, E. A. (2002). The leader as integrator. In L. Neider & C. Schriesheim (Eds.), Leadership. Information age publishing.

236. Bandura, A., & Locke, E. A. (2003). Negative self-efficacy and goal effects revisited. Journal of Applied Psychology, 88, 87-88.

237. Locke, E. A. (2003). Leadership: Starting at the top. In C. Pearce & J. Conger (Eds.), Shared leadership. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

238. Locke, E. A. (2003). Good definitions: The epistemological foundation of scientific progress. In J. Greenberg (Ed.), Organizational behavior: The state of the science. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

239. Locke, E. A. (2003). Foundations for a theory of leadership. In S. Murphy & R. Riggio (Eds.), The future of leadership. Mahwah, NJ: L. Erlbaum.

*240. Locke, E. A. (Ed.) (2003). Postmodernism in management: Pros, cons and the alternative. New York: Elsevier.

241. Ghate, O., & Locke, E. A. (2003). Objectivism: The proper alternative to postmodernism. In E. Locke (Ed.), Postmodernism in management: Pros, cons and the alternative. New York: Elsevier.

242. Shane, S., Locke, E. A., & Collins, C. (2003). Entrepreneurial motivation. Human Resource Management Review, 13, 257-279.

243. Audia, P., & Locke, E. A. (2003). Benefiting from negative feedback. Human Resource Management Review, 13, 631-646.

244. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2004). What should we do about motivation theory? Six recommendations for the 21st century. Academy of Management Review, 29, 388-403.

245. Collins, C., Hanges, P., & Locke, E. A. (2004). The relationship of achievement motivation to entrepreneurial behavior: A meta analysis. Human Performance, 17, 95-117.

246. Locke, E. A. (2004). Self-interest. In G. Goethals, G. Sorenson, & J. Burns (Eds.), Encyclopedia of leadership, Vol. 4. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

247. Locke, E. A. (2004). Jack Welch. In G. Goethals, G. Sorenson, & J. Burns (Eds.), Encyclopedia of Leadership, Vol. 4. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

248. Locke, E. A. (2004). Comments on “Promise and Peril in Implementing Pay For Performance” by Michael Beer and Mark D. Cannon. Human Resource Management, 43, 41-43.

249. Baum, J. R., & Locke, E. A. (2004). The relationship of entrepreneurial traits, skill, and motivation to subsequent venture growth. Journal of Applied Psychology, 89, 587-598. (Finalist for 2004 Best paper, HR Division of Academy of Management).

250. Locke, E. A. (2004). Work motivation. In C. Spielberger (Ed.), Encyclopedia of applied psychology, Vol. 3. Oxford, U.K.: Elsevier.

251. Locke, E. A. (2004). Guest editor’s introduction. Academy of Management Executive, 18, 124-125.

252. Locke, E. A. (2004). Linking goals to monetary incentives. Academy of Management Executive, 18, 130-133.

253. Locke, E. A., & Noel, T. W. (2004). Right problem, wrong solution: A rejoinder to Mitroff’s and Swenson’s call to action. Academy of Management News, 35(3), 2.

254. Judge, T., Bono, J., Erez, A,. & Locke, E. A. (2005). Core self-evaluations and job and life satisfaction: The role of self-concordance and goal attainment. Journal of Applied Psychology, 90, 257-268.

255. Locke, E. A. (2005). Choice points. Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 42(4), 76-78.

256. Locke, E. A. (2005). Coping with stress through reason. In A. Antoniou & C. Copper (Eds.), Research companion to organizational health psychology. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.(Book was also published in Greek)

257. Locke, E. A. (2005). Why emotional intelligence is an invalid concept. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 425-431.

258. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2005). Goal setting theory: Theory building by induction. In K. G. Smith & M. A. Hitt (Eds.), Great minds in management: The process of theory development. New York, Oxford.

259. Piccolo, R., Judge, T., Takahashi, K., Watanabe, N., & Locke, E. A. (2005). Core self-evaluations in Japan: Relative effects on job satisfaction, life satisfaction, and happiness. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 26, 965-984.

260. Locke, E. A. (2005). Ayn Rand (letter). Commentary, December, 20 & 22.

261. Locke, E. A. (2005). Creationism, consciousness, faith and reason (letter). American Psychological Society Observer, 18, 9-10.

262. Locke, E. A., & Baum, J. R. (2006). Entrepreneurial motivation. In J. R. Baum, M. Frese, & R. A. Baron (Eds.), The psychology of entrepreneurship. Mahwah NJ: Erlbaum.

263. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2006). Further confusion in the study of self-regulation: Comments on Cervone, Shadel, Smith and Fiori. Applied Psychology: An International Review, 55, 428-438.

264. Locke, E. A. (2006). Business ethics: A way out of the morass. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 5, 324-332.

265. Stajkovic, A., & Locke, E. A. (2006). A first examination of the relationship between primed subconscious goals, assigned conscious goals, and task performance. Journal of Applied Psychology, 91, 1172-1180.

266. Srivastava, A., Bartol, K. M., & Locke, E. A. (2006). Empowering leadership in management teams: Effects on knowledge sharing, efficacy and performance. Academy of Management Journal, 49, 1239-1251.

267. Latham, G. P., & Locke, E. A. (2006). Enhancing the benefits and overcoming the pitfalls of goal setting. Organizational Dynamics, 35, 332-340 (one of five most downloaded articles, Jan-March, 2007, and April-June, 2010)

268. Srivastava, A., & Locke, E. A. (2006). Dispositional causes of job satisfaction: Seeking complexity in job as a mediator. Academy of Management Best Paper Proceedings, Academy of Management, Atlanta.

269. Locke, E. A., & Latham, G. P. (2006). New directions in goal-setting theory. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 15, 265-268. (Third most accessed article from journal in 2013)

270. Locke, E. A. (2006-7). The educational, psychological, and philosophical assault on self-esteem. The Objective Standard, 1(4), 65-82.

271. Quigley, N., Tesluk, P. E., Locke, E. A., & Bartol, K. M. (2007). A multilevel investigation of the motivational mechanisms underlying knowledge sharing and performance. Organization Science, 18, 71-88.

272. Locke, E. A. (2007). Shared Leadership—exchange of letters on shared leadership with Craig Pearce and Jay Conger. Leadership Quarterly. 18, 281-288.

273. Locke, E. A. (2007) What is capitalism? Some comments on Kasser, Cohn, Kanner and Ryan. Psychological Inquiry, 18, 38-42.

274. Latham G. P. & Locke, E. A. (2007) New developments in and directions for goal-setting research. European Psychologist, 12, 290-300.

275. Latham, G P. & Locke, E. A. (2007) Goal setting theory. In S. G. Rogelberg (Ed.) Encyclopedia of industrial and organizational psychology. Los Angeles: Sage.

276. Locke, E. A. (2007) Objectivism as the proper philosophy for living on earth. In E. Kessler & J. R. Bailey (Eds.) Handbook of organizational and managerial wisdom. Los Angeles: Sage.

278. Locke, E. A. (2007) Founding principles of the United States. In D. Levinson & K. Christensen (Eds.) Global perspectives on the United States, Volume III. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire.

279. Locke, E. A. (2007) American dream. In D. Levinson & K. Christensen (Eds.) Global perspectives on the United States, Volume III. Great Barrington, MA: Berkshire.

280. Locke, E. A. (2007) The case for inductive theory building. Journal of Management, 33, 867-890.

281. Locke, E. A. (2008). How can we make organizations more ethical? In D. Barry & H. Hansen (Eds.), Sage handbook of new approaches in management and organization,. Los Angeles: Sage.

282. Latham, G. P. & Locke, E. A. (2008) Employee motivation. In J. Barling & C. L. Cooper (Eds.) Sage handbook of organizational behavior, Volume 1. Los Angeles: Sage.

283. Locke, E. A. (2009) The nature of consciousness and its relationship to action. In O. T. Chen (Ed.) Organizational behavior and dynamics. New York: Nova Science.

284. Locke, E. A. (2009) The immoral assault on CEO pay (letter). Academy of Management Perspectives., 22, 5-6.

285. Locke, E. A. & Latham, G. P. (2009) Has goal setting gone wild, or have its attackers abandoned good scholarship? Academy of Management Perspectives, 23, 17-23.

286. Latham, G. P. & Locke, E. A. (2009) Science and ethics: What should count as evidence against the use of goal setting? Academy of Management Perspectives. 23, 88-91.

287. Locke, E. A. (2009) It’s time we brought introspection out of the closet. Perspectives on Psychological Science, 4, 24-25.

288. Locke, E. A. (2009) The traits of business heroes in Atlas Shrugged. In R.
Mayhew (Ed.) Essays on Ayn Rand’s Atlas Shrugged. Lanham, MD: Lexington

*289. Locke, E. A. (Ed.) (2009) Handbook of principles of organizational behavior.
2nd edition, New York: Wiley.

290. Locke, E. A. (2009 & 2010) Evidence based HR tips. Human Capital Review
http://www.humancapitalreview.org/content/default.asp?Article_ID=805
http://www.humancapitalreview.org/content/default.asp?Article_ID=640

291. Locke, E. A. & Kenner, E. (2009) How altruism undermines mental health and
happiness. In A. Antoniou, C. Cooper, G. Chrousos, C. Spielberger, & M. Eysenck (Eds.) Handbook of managerial behavior and occupational health. Cheltenham, UK: Elgar.

292. Locke, E. A. (2009) Man vs wild. Townhall, August 2002, 35-40.

293. Locke, E. A. (2009) Why licensing of I-O psychologists is a bad idea, The
Industrial-oganizational Psychologist, 47(2) 53-55.

294. Latham G. P., Stajkovic, A. D. & Locke, E. A. (2010) The relevance and validity of subconscious goals in the workplace. Journal of Management, 36, 234-255.

295. Locke, E. A. (2010) Interview on animal “rights.” Imagineer, Winter 20101, 8-9.

296. Locke. E. A. (2010) The individual, corporations, and society: To whom do rights
belong? Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 3, 100-102.

297. Locke, E. A. (2010) Comments on Jennifer Burns’ Goddess of the Market:
Rand and the American Right. Ayn Rand Archives (Ayn Rand Institute), Irvine, CA

298. Srivastava, A., Locke, E. A., Judge, T. A. & Adams, J. W. (2010) Core self-
evaluations as causes of job satisfaction: The mediating role of seeking task complexity. Journal of Vocational Behavior, 77, 255-265.

299. Latham G. P., Ganegoda, D. B. & Locke, E. Al. (2011) Goal setting: A state
theory but related to traits. In T. Chamorro-Premuzic, S. von Strumm, & A.Furham (Eds.) Wiley-Blackwell handbook of individual differences. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

300. Locke, E. A. (2011) Individualism, collectivism, leadership, and the greater good. In D. Foysyth & C. Hoyt (Eds.) For the greater good of all. New York: Palgrave
(Macmillan).

*301. Locke, E. A. & Kenner, E. (2011). The selfish guide to romance: How to love with
passion and reason. Doylestown, PA: Platform Press.

302. Locke, E. A. (2011) Review of J. Bean (Ed.) Race and liberty in America: The
essential reader, in Human Resource Management, 50, 159-162.

303. Latham, G. P., Bardes, M. & Locke, E. A. (2011) Goal setting and control
Theory: Implications for job search. In U. Klehe & E. Hooft (Eds) Oxford Handbook of Job Search and Loss. New York: Oxford.

304. Latham, G. P. & Locke, E. A. (2012) The effect of subconscious goals on
organizational behavior. G. P. Hodgkinson & J. K. Ford (Eds.) International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology , Vol 27. New York: Wiley-Blackwell.

305. Locke, E. A. Construct vs. concept validity (2012). Human Resource Management
Review, 22, 146-148.

306. Morisano, D. & Locke, E. A. Goal setting and academic achievement (2013) In
J.A.C. Hattie & E. M. Anderman (Eds.) International Handbook of Student
Achievement. New York: Routledge.

307. Locke, E. A. & Allison, J. A. (2013) What makes great business leaders? In M G.
Rumsey (Ed.) Oxford Handbook of Leadership. New York: Oxford.

308. Locke, E. A. & Latham, G. P. (2013) Goal setting theory. In E. H. Kessler (Ed.)
Encyclopedia of Management Theory. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

*309. Locke, E. A. & Latham, G.P. (2013) New Developments in Goal Setting and
Task Performance. New York: Taylor & Francis (Routledge).

310. Latham, G. P. & Locke, E. A. (2014) The science and practice of goal setting. Wiley
Encyclopedia of Management. New York: Wiley.

311. Locke, E. A. (2014) The real meaning of color-blind racial ideology. American
Psychologist, April, 310-311.

312. Latham G. & Locke, E. A. (2014) Goal setting and control theory: Implications for
Job Search. Oxford Handbooks Online. (Print version pending)

313. Locke, E. A. & Latham, G. P. (2014) Theory development by induction: Goal
setting theory, 1990-2013. Oxford Handbooks Online.

314. Masuda, A., Locke, E. A. & Williams, K. J. (2015) The effects of simultaneous
learning and performance goals on performance: An inductive exploration. Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 27, 32-52,

315. Travers, C. J., Morisano, D. & Locke, E. A. (2015) Self-reflection, growth goals,
and academic outcomes: A qualitative study. British Journal of Educational Psychology, 85, 224-241.

316. Locke, E. A., Williams, K. J. & Masuda, A. (2015) The virtue of persistence. The
Industrial-Organizational Psychologist, 52(4), 104-5.

317. Locke, E. A. (2015) Theory building, replication, and behavioral priming: Where
do we go from here? Perspectives in Psychological Science, 10(3), 408-414.

318. Locke, E. A. & Latham, G. P. (2015) Breaking the rules: A historical overview of
goal setting theory. To appear in A. Elliot (Ed.) Advances in Motivation Science,
Vol. 2. Oxford, UK: Elsevier

319. Locke, E. A, and Kenner, E. (2016) Burnout-and the battle for your own
happiness. In A-S. Antoniou & C. Cooper (Eds) Coping, Personality and the Workplace. Surrey, UK: Gower & Ashgate.

320. Locke, E. A. (2017) The research integrity issue: Is there a problem behind the
problem? A reply to List and McDaniel. The Industrial-Organizational
Psychology, 54(4), 1-2.

321. Latham, G. P. & Locke, E. A. (2017) Goal setting theory: Controversies and
resolutions. In D. Ones, N. Anderson, C. Visesvaran & H. Sinagil (Eds.) Sage
Handbook of Industrial, Work and Organizational Psychology, 2nd Edition.

322. Locke, E. A. (2017) Say no to licensing: It is both impractical and immoral.
Industrial and Organizational Psychology Perspectives, 19(2), 186-190.

323. Dennis, J. L. & Locke, E. A. (2017) Some observations on the puzzling world of
self-regulation and depletion. Cogent Psychology. 4: 1351079, 1-6.

324. Yao, Y. & Locke, E. A. (in press) On a combined theory of pay level satisfaction.
Journal of Organizational Behavior.

325. Locke. E. A. (in press) Long-range thinking and goal directed action .To appear in
G. Oettingen, A. T. Servincer & P. M. Gollwitzer (Eds.) The psychology of thinking
about the future. New York: Guilford Press.

326. Locke, E. A. & Baum, J. R. (in press) Passion and entrepreneurship. To appear in
R. J. Vallerand (Ed.) Passion for work: Determinants and consequences. Oxford.

327. Locke, E. A. & Latham, G. P. (in press) Does prospect theory add or subtract from
our understanding of goal directed action? To appear in D. Stone (Ed.) Research in Human Resource Management.

328. Locke, E. A. & Latham, G. P. (in press) Backstage for goal setting theory. To
appear in J. Creusier & F. Bietry (Eds.) The backstage of major discoveries in organizational behavior. Routledge.

329. Stajkovic, A. D., Bandura, A., Locke, E. A., Lee, D. & Sergent, J. (2018) Test of
three conceptual models of the influence of the big five personality traits and self- efficacy on academic performance: A meta-analytic path analysis. Personality and Individual Differences, 120: 238-245.

Op-Eds

50 published, 1997-2006
Selected Op-Eds are available here.

Papers Delivered at Professional Meetings

1. Locke, E. A. Importance and satisfaction in several job areas. American Psychological Association, 1961.

2. Locke, E. A. Dimensions of aggressive behavior. American Psychological Association, 1962.

3. Locke, E. A. A study of criteria of student achievement. Eastern Psychological Association, 1962.

4. Locke, E. A. Choices of task difficulty under three conditions
& Kendall, L. M. of incentive. American Psychological Association, 1963.

5. Locke, E. A. What is job satisfaction? American Psychological Association, 1968.

6. Locke, E. A. The supervisor as motivator: His influence on goal-setting. University of Rochester Conference on the Task-Oriented manager (Office of Naval Research).

7. Locke, E. A. Job satisfaction and job performance: A theoretical analysis. Midwestern Psychological Association, 1969.

8. Locke, E. A. Purpose without consciousness: A contradiction. American Psychological Association, 1969.

9. Locke, E. A. The concept of causality in contemporary psychology. American Psychological Association, 1970.

10. Locke, E. A. What is systematic desensitization? American Psychological Association, 1971.

11. Locke, E. A. Discussion with Annual Review Author. American Psychological Association, 1974.

12. Locke, E. A. Recent developments in motivation theory and Research. American Institute for Decision Sciences, 1974.

13. Locke, E. A. Licensing and individual rights. Teacher Leadership Program of Baruch College Symposium on “Testing Issues in the Licensing, Employment, and Promotion of Educational Personnel”, 1975.

14. Locke, E. A. The myths of behavior mod in organizations. Academy of Management, 1975.

15. Locke, E. A. The ubiquity of the concept of goal setting in philosophies of employee motivation. American Psychological Association, 1976.

16. Locke, E. A. Participation in decision making. Academy of Management, 1977.

17. Locke, E. A. The role of cognitive variables in motivation (Debate). Academy of Management, 1977.

18. Locke, E. A. Work motivation (discussion hour leader). Academy of Management, 1977.

19. Locke, E. A. Understanding why job enrichment works. Society for Organizational Behavior, 1977.

20. Locke, E. A. Studies of participation in decision making. Society for Organizational Behavior, 1977.
21. Locke, E. A. Orthogonal manipulation of expectancy and goal difficulty: Effects on performance. Society for Organizational Behavior, 1978.

22. White, F. & Perceived determinants of productivity. Academy of
Locke, E. A. Management, 1978.

23. Locke, E. A. The relative effectiveness of four methods of motivating employee performance. NATO International Conference of Changes in the Nature of Work Life, Thessaloniki, Greece, and American Psychological Association, 1979.

24. Locke, E. A. Cognitive psychology: The psychology of the future. American Psychological Association, 1980.

25. Locke, E. A. The effects of feedback/feedforward, probability of success and personal goals on task performance. Academy of Management, 1981.

26. Locke, E. A. Narcissism vs. reason in organizations. Academy of Management, 1982.

27. Zubritsky, E., The effects of previously assigned goals on self-set
Cousins, E., & goals and performance. American Psychological
Locke, E. A. Association, 1982.

28. Locke, E. A. Leadership (symposium). Eastern Academy of Management, 1982.

29. Locke, E. A., Relation of goals, self-efficacy, and task strategies to
& others performance. American Psychological Association, 1983.

30. Locke, E. A. Intellectual heroes. Academy of Management, 1985.

31. Locke, E. A. Goal setting. International Congress of Applied Psychology, 1986.

32. Locke, E. A. Work motivation and values. Academy of Management, 1986.

33. Locke, E. A. Application of goal setting to sports. North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity, 1986.

34. Locke, E. A. Goal setting and task complexity (Chair). American Psychological Association, 1986.

35. Locke, E. A. Values of industrial-organizational psychology. Symposium at Society of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1988.

36. Locke, E. A. Control theory and goal theory (Debate). Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 1989.

37. Locke, E. A. Group goal setting symposium (Discussant). Academy of Management, 1989.

38. Locke, E. A. Job dissatisfaction and action. Academy of Management, 1990.

39. Locke, E. A. Advancing understanding of human motivation: The study of conscious goal setting in I/O Psychology. American Psychological Society, 1991.

40. Locke, E. A. Panel discussion on theory building. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 1992.

41. Locke, E. A. Goal setting, time perspective and ambition. International Congress of Psychology, 1992.

42. Locke, E. A. Goals and self-efficacy as mediators of the effects of monetary incentives. Society for Organizational Behavior, 1992.

43. Locke, E. A. Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award Address, Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 1994.

44. Locke, E. A. Business heroes in fact & fiction. Academy of Management,1994.

45. Locke, E. A., Knowledge seeking as a strategy to attain goals.
Durham, C. C. Society for Organizational Behavior, (Toronto),
& Poon, J. 1994, and Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 1995.

46. Durham, C. C. The relationship of dysfunctional thinking, self-
& Locke, E. A. esteem, locus of control, neuroticism & job attributes on job satisfaction. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 1995.

47. Kristof, A. & Champions of continuous improvement. Society for
Locke, E. A. Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 1995.

48. Locke, E. A. (Debate), The bell curve and beyond. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 1995.

49. Locke, E. A. The effects of leader role and goals on team strategies & effectiveness. New York University, Dept. of Psychology, 1995.

50. Locke, E. A. Goals and self-efficacy as mediators and causal links. International Conference on Work Motivation, 1996.

51. Audia, G. & The dangers of success for strategic decision makers
Locke, E. A. operating in dynamic task environments. Academy of Management, 1996. (Presented by Audia)

52. Knight, D., The effects of leadership style (role) and goals
Durham, C. C., group strategies and performance. Academy of
& Locke, E. A. Management, 1996. (Presented by Durham)

53. Locke, E. A. The effects of leadership style (role) and goals on group strategies and performance. Society for Organizational Behavior, 1996.

54. Locke, E. A. Participation in 2 panel discussions on leadership and integrity. Society for Industrial and Organizational Behavior, 1997.

55. Durham, C. C. Effect of task and pay interdependence and their
& Locke, E. A. mediators on performance. Academy of
Management, 1998.

56. Audia, G. & Individual routines and the effectiveness of strategic
Locke, E. A. decision-makers in changing environments. Academy of Management, 1998.

57. Locke, E. A. The traits of great wealth creators. Society for Organizational Behavior, 1998.

58. Locke, E. A. Core evaluation research. Society for
& Judge, T. Organizational Behavior, 1999.

59. Locke, E. A. Understanding motivation by studying conscious goals: A 35-year odyssey. American Psychological Association, 1999 and Southeastern Psychological Association, 2000.

60. Tracy, K., Conscious goal setting versus subconscious motives:
Locke, E. A. & Longitudinal and concurrent effects on the
Renard, M. performance of entrepreneurial firms. Academy of Management, 1999. (Presented by lead author)

61. Locke, E. A. Future issues in self-efficacy research. Academy of Management, 1999.

62. Locke, E. A. Contrasting perspectives on social identification in organizations (Panel discussion). Academy of Management, 1999.

63. Locke, E. A. Motivation, cognition and action. Australian I/O Psychology meeting, 1999.

64. Locke, E. A. Motivation, cognition and action: An analysis of studies of task goals and knowledge. Third International Conference on Work Motivation, Sydney, Australia, 1999.

65. Locke, E. A. Incentives and motivation: Principles and issues for
& Bartol, K. M. further research. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 1999.

66. Locke, E. A. Teaching I/O psychology and OB through principles. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2001.

67. Locke, E. A. The challenge of creating a leadership theory adequate to guide leadership development. Kravis Leadership Institute, 2001.

68. Locke, E. A. Programmatic research. New Doctoral Student Consortium, Academy of Management, 2001.

69. Locke, E. A. Leadership and entrepreneurship. Academy of Management, 2001.

70. Quigley, N., Incentives and knowledge sharing. Academy of
Locke, E. A. & Management, 2001. (Presented by leader author)
others

71. Locke, E. A. Control theory vs. goal theory: Which is the proper model? (Debate). Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2002.

72. Durham, C. C., The relationship of core evaluations to behavior the
Locke, E. A. job. Society for Industrial & Organizational &
Judge, T. Psychology, 2002.

73. Srivastava, A., Dispositional causes of task satisfaction: The
Locke E. A. mediating role of chosen level of task complexity.
& Judge, T. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2002.

74. Locke, E. A. & Long-term scientific collaboration between scholars:
Latham, G. What makes it work? Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2002.

75. Locke, E. A. The nature of consciousness and its relationship to action. 43rd Conference of the German Society for Psychology, Berlin, 2002.

76 . Locke E. A. & Work motivation: What we know and what we
Stajkovic, A. don’t. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2003.

77. Locke, E. A. Entrepreneurial Success Symposium (Discussant). Society for Industrial & Organizational Society, 2003.

78. Locke, E. A. Emotional intelligence (Debate). Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2003.

79. Locke, E. A. Contemporary cases of corporate corruption, Any relevance for I-O psychology? (Panel discussion), Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2003.

80. Locke, E. A. Senior Faculty Consortium on Retirement, Academy of Management, 2003.

81. Locke, E. A. Democracy (in the workplace) is wrong. Academy of Management, 2003.

82. Locke, E. A. Programmatic research (Doctoral Student Consortium). Academy of Management, 2002,2003.

83. Locke, E. A. Goals and sub-conscious priming. Master Tutorial, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2004. (with Alex Stajkovic)

84. Locke, E. A. Reconsidering outcomes of a positive self-concept (Discussant). Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2004.

85. Locke, E. A. Goal setting, goal orientation and self-regulatory focus (Symposium). Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2004.

86. Locke, E. A. Dispositional factors in job attitudes and affective reactions at work (Discussant). Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2005.

87. Locke, E. A. Two studies of subconscious priming. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2005.

88. Locke, E. A. The relationship between general traits and situationally specific goals in new ventures. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2005.

89. Srivastava, A., Empowering leadership and performance: The
Bartol, K. M. & linking roles of team efficacy and knowledge
Locke, E. A. sharing. Academy of Management, 2005.

90. Locke, E. A. Theory building by induction (Lifetime Achievement Award Address). Academy of Management, 2005.

91. Locke, E. A. Goal theory (Symposium on Theory Development). Academy of Management, 2005.

92. Locke, E. A. Ethics in business organizations: Why are they needed? What should be taught? Who Should Do it? American Psychological Society, 2005.

93. Locke, E. A. New developments in goal setting research. International Congress of Applied Psychology, 2006

94. Locke, E. A. Building a theory of goal setting and task performance by induction. Association for Psychological Science, 2006

95. Locke, E. A. Organizational and managerial wisdom (panel), Academy of Management, 2006

96. Srivastava, A. & Dispositional causes of job satisfaction: Seeking
Locke, E. A. complexity in jobs as a mediator. Academy of Management, 2006. (Delivered by first author)

97. Locke, E. A. What happens to performance when conscious and
subconscious goals are in conflict? Academy of Management, 2007.

98. Locke, E. A. The psychology of entrepreneurship (panelist),. Society
for Industrial and Organizational Psychology, 2007.

99. Locke, E. A. Checking in with the scientist-practitioner model: How are we doing? (panelist). Society for Industrial and
Organizational Psychology, 2007.

100. Locke, E. A. Speaker at new doctoral student consortium. Academy
Of Management, 2008.

101. Locke, E. A. Are CEO’s overpaid? (panelist) Society for Industrial
and Organizational Psychology, 2009.

102. Locke, E. A. Goal setting, self-efficacy and performance: New
research directions (discussant). Society for Industrial
and Organizational Psychology, 2009.

103. Locke, E. A. &
Stajkovic, A. Does subconscious priming have conscious mediators? Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology,
2009.

104. Locke, E. A. Goal Setting and Goal Management (discussant)
Academy of Management, 2009

105. Locke, E. A. OB lifetime achievement award winners speak out,
Academy of Management, 2009

106. Locke, E. A. Presenter, New doctoral student consortium, Academy of Management, 2009

107. Locke, E. A. Success in academia: Panel discussion, Academy
of Management, 2009

108. Locke, E. A. New findings in goal setting research, (discussant) Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2010,

109. Locke, E. A. The future of shared leadership (panelist) Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology), 2011

110. Locke, E. A. The relevance and viability of subconscious goals in the workplace.. Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 2011.

111. Locke, E. A. Then and Now in Management History (with G. Latham), Academy of Management, 2011

112. Locke, E. A. The effects of having learning and performance goals simultaneously (w. others) Academy of Management, 2011

113. Locke, E. A. Shared Leadership (panelist), Academy of Management, 2011

114. Locke, E. A. How the Hypothetico-Deductive Method Undermines Theory Building, Academy of Management, 2012

115. Y. A. Yeo &
Locke, E. A. Comparing Four Approaches to Pay Satisfaction , Academy of Management, 2012

116. Locke, E. A. Motivation panel, Discussant, Academy of Management, 2012

117. Locke, E. A. Whatever Happened to the Conscious Mind? Association for Psychological Science, 2013

118 a, b. Locke, E. A. Morality of Capitalism, two panels, Academy of Management, 2013

119. Locke, E. A. Can Money Buy Happiness? Academy of Management, 2013

120 a, b. Locke, E. A. Goal Setting Theory (replaced Gary Latham twice), Academy of Management, 2013

121. Locke, E. A. How to Create a Successful New Theory, Academy of Management, 2014

122. Locke, E. A. Goals and Personal Development symposium, Chair (Best Management Education and Development Symposium Award)

123. Locke, E. A. The Illusion of Determinism, Association for Psychological Science

124. Locke, E. A. Panel: Have We Failed at Replication, American Psychological Association, 2017

125. Locke, E. A. Socialism’s Dirty Little Secrets, Foundation of a Free Society Conference, Clemson University

Universities where I have delivered guest lectures

(not included in preceding list)

American University
Ashland University
Arizona State University
Auburn University
Baruch College
Carnegie-Mellon
*Fitchburg State
Clemson University
George Mason University
George Washington University
Hong Kong Polytechnic University
Humboldt University, Berlin
Indiana-Purdue University at Indiana
Malaysia (talks at two universities)
McGill University (Canada)
Michigan State
*Morehouse College
New South Wales Graduate School of Management (Australia)
New York University
North Carolina
*North Carolina State
*Notre Dame
*Penn State (3)
*Stevens Institute of Technology
Technion (Israel Institute of Technology) (2)
Tennessee
University of California (Berkeley, 2)
University of Southern California
University of Dortmund, (Germany)
University of Florida
University of Houston (2)
University of Melbourne (Australia)
University of Munich
University of Salamanca (Spain)
University of Washington
University of Wisconsin (2)
Yale(2)

*Distinguished Visiting Speaker

Honors, Awards, and Professional Recognition

Scholarly Awards and Recognition

Fellow, Society for Industrial and Organizational Psychology (American Psychological Association)

Fellow, Academy of Management

Fellow, Association for Psychological Science

Fellow, International Association of Applied Psychology

Distinguished Scientific Contribution Award, Society for Industrial & Organizational Psychology, 1993.

Career Achievement Award, Academy of Management (Human Resources Division), 1997.

Lifetime Achievement Award in Organizational Behavior, Academy of Management, Organizational Behavior Division, 2005 (first recipient)

James McKeen Cattell Fellow Award, American Psychological Society (now Association for Psychological Science), 2005-2006.

Distinguished Scholarly Contributions to Management Award, Academy of Management, 2006

Honored by FABBS Foundation, 2010

Ranked 2nd in scholarship, in study with data analyzed by Shelley Kirkpatrick, among 576 management faculty from 32 leading business schools (1989).

Included in A. Bedeian (Ed.) Management Laureates, Vol. 2, JAI Press, 1993 (invited chapter)

Scholarly Impact Award, Journal of Management, 2012

Included in K. Smith and M. Hitt (Eds.) Great Minds in Management, 2005 (invited chapter).

Citations

Citation count in 2004 supervised by Dr. Henry Sims comparing all management professors at eight leading universities (Berkeley, Carnegie Mellon, Duke, Maryland, Michigan, NYU, North Carolina, Southern California): Ranked #1 with 4,925

A more recent citation count by Dr. Tim Judge in March, 2006, totaled 9,442. The higher total for the more recent count is apparently due to the later date and wider scope of the 2006 search (e.g., more journals were included).

Ranked 18th out of 150 most-cited scholars in citations in selected management journals, 1981-2004 (from article by Podsakoff, J. of Management, 2009)

One of only two scholars who made the most cited list in each of five time periods between 1981 and 2004 in Podsakoff study (above)

Cited in Google Scholar (2013) 50,311; H 93; Web of Science 11,252; H 55
Cited in Google Scholar (2017) 93,579; H 112; Web of Science 17,727; H 64
(both Google Scholar searches done by Dr. Tim Judge)

Ranked #17 of 384 management scholar in citations, Academy of Management Perspectives, 2012

Best Paper Awards and Citation Classics

Article published in 1968 (#34 in publications list, p. 5 of vitae) was cited as a “Citation Classic,” i.e., one of the most cited articles in the Social Sciences.

Article by Locke, Shaw, Saari & Latham, published in 1981 (#80 in publications list, p. 9 of vitae) was also cited as a “Citation Classic,” Current Contents, Social & Behavioral Sciences, 1992, 24 (32)8.

Outstanding Paper in Organizational Behavior published in 1988 (#125 in publications list; p. 12 of vitae) with Latham and Erez, Academy of Management. (This article was included in P. Frost and R. Stablein, 1992, Doing exemplary research. Newbury Park, CA: Sage.)

Outstanding paper in Organizational Behavior published in 2000 (#216 in publications list; p. 19 of vitae) with Pino Audia and Ken G. Smith, Society for Industrial and Organizational Behavior. (This paper was one of threes finalist for Best Paper in the Academy of Management Journal, 2000.)

One of five finalists for best HR article (with Robert Baum) published in 2004, Human Resources Division of the Academy of Management.

Reprinted “Classics”

Article published in 1968 (#34 in publications list, p. 5 of vitae) included in C. L. Cooper (Ed.), International library of critical writings in psychology, Vol. 1, Industrial and organizational psychology, (1991), Hants, England: E. Elgar.

Three articles by Locke & colleagues (#s 34, 80, & 125 in publication list of vitae) included in Cary Cooper’s Fundamentals of Organizational Behavior (2002), Sage, 4 Vol. series.

Invited Chapters for Important Anthologies or Annuals (selected examples)

Author of Annual Review of Psychology chapter, 1975.

Author of chapter on Job Satisfaction in Dunnette’s Handbook of Industrial and Organizational Psychology (1976).

Author (with D. Henne) of “Work Motivation Theories,” article in Cooper & Robertson (Eds.) International Review of Industrial & Organizational Psychology, (1986).

Invited Addresses at International Conferences

The International Congress of Applied Psychology, Munich, 1978 (was not able to attend)
NATO Conference on Changes in the Quality of Working Life, Thessaloniki, Greece, 1979
International Conference on Taylorism, Paris, 1983
Interamerican Congress of Psychology, Caracas, 1985
International Congress of Applied Psychology, Jerusalem, 1986
Recruit Co., Japan, 1982
International Congress of Psychology, Brussels, 1992
International Conferences on Work Motivation (Israel & Australia)
43rd Conference of the German Society for Psychology, Humboldt University, Berlin, 2002
International Congress of Applied Psychology, Athens, 2006
Munich Symposium on Motivation, 2014

Assessments of Goal Setting Theory

Goal Setting Theory was rated 2nd of 15 theories by 127 scholars, based on 11 combined criteria, and it was rated 2nd in validity and 1st in practical utility (C. Lee & P. Earley, 1992), Organizational Development Journal, 10, No. 4, 37-42.

Goal setting theory was ranked # 1 in importance by organizational behavior scholars out of 73 OB/management theories. Miner, J. B. (2003). Academy of Management Learning and Education, 2, 250-268.

Editorial Board Experience (various years)

Journal of Applied Psychology
Organizational Behavior & Human Decision Processes
Human Resources Management Review
Human Resources Planning Journal
Journal of Management
Academy of Management Discoveries (Founding Advisory Board)

Occasional reviewer for:

Academy of Management Journal, Academy of Management Review, Administrative Science Quarterly, American Psychologist, Group & Organizational Studies, Human Relations, Human Performance Human Systems Management, International Journal of Psychology, Journal of Applied Psychology, Journal of Applied Social Psychology, Journal of Business, Journal of Business Ethics, Journal of Higher Education, Journal of Management Inquiry, Journal of Management Studies, Journal of Occupational Behavior, Journal of Occupational Psychology, Journal of Organizational Analysis, Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Journal of Social & Clinical Psychology, Journal of Sport & Exercise Psychology, Military Psychology, Motivation & Emotion, National Science Foundation, Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, Psychological Bulletin, Psychological Reports, Psychological Review, Psychology and Aging, Sociology and Social Research and other journals.

Doctoral Student Dissertation Awards

Dissertation Chair for Robert Baum, Winner Best Dissertation Award, Entrepreneurship Division, Academy of Management, 1996.

Co-Chair of Dissertation for Amy Kristof-Brown, Winner Best Dissertation Award, Human Resources Division, Academy of Management, 1998.

Member Dissertation Committee of Suzanne Masterson, Winner Ralph Alexander Best Dissertation Award, Human Resource Division, Academy of Management, 1999.

University of Maryland Awards

Outstanding Faculty Award, College of Business and Management Alumni Association, 1980

Distinguished Teacher-Scholar Award, University of Maryland, College Park, 1983-84

Distinguished Teacher Award-Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences, 1985

Top 15% of Teachers, College of Business & Management (several times)

Krowe Teaching Award for teaching excellence, MBA Program, 1992

Krowe Teaching Award for teaching innovation, MBA Program, 1996

Miscellaneous

My published articles have been widely reprinted in books of readings (including one translated into German and French).

Courses Taught

Business and Management

Personnel Management (Undergraduate) (Introductory Course and Advanced Course)
Organizational Behavior (Undergraduate)
Human Motivation (lab) (Undergraduate)
Behavioral Factors in Management (MBA)
Organizational Behavior (MBA)
Theory of the Industrial Work Group (Doctoral)
Work Morale and Motivation (Doctoral)
Performance Appraisal (Doctoral)
Business Heroes in Fact & Fiction (MBA)

Psychology

Introductory Psychology (Undergraduate)
Industrial Psychology (Undergraduate)
Human Cognition (Undergraduate)
Work Motivation (Doctoral)
Job Attitudes and Satisfaction (Doctoral)
Leadership and Social Factors in Work Organizations (Doctoral)
Thinking Processes (Doctoral)
Theories of Leadership (Doctoral)

University Honors Program

Conceptions of Man’s Nature from Plato to Rand (Undergraduate)

Freshman Seminars and Honors Program

Individual Rights from Cicero to Rand (Undergraduate)

University Service and Committee Work

Service

Representative Activities

Campus & Division

Campus P&T Review Committee
Campus Library Committee
Faculty Senate
Campus Committee to select Associate Provost for Academic Affairs
Chair & Member, Senate Adjunct Committee on Student Conduct
General Committee on Student Affairs
Individual Studies Tutor
Division P&T Review Committee
Faculty Grievance Panel

Adjunct Committee on Human Relations
Senate Adjunct Committee on Teaching Effectiveness
Student Club Advisor
Many talks to dormitories, and community organizations

College

Chair & member, Graduate Committee
College P&T Study Committee
College Jr.& Senior Review Committees
Professional Development Programs Teacher
Ad hoc committee on class size
College Committee to design new building
Chair, Human Subjects Committee
Chair & Member, College Teaching Committee
Member, Long Rang Planning Committee
Ad hoc salary review committee
Executive Committee (1984-1996)
Chair, Management & Organization Faculty (1984-1996)
Judge, MBA Case Competition
New Dean Search Committee
Numerous Guest Lectures
Numerous Doctoral Dissertation Committees